冒充者综合症

冒充者综合症, 英文名为 Imposter Syndrome, 如果你没有听说过这个症状,请阅读下面的维基百科解释 (我只是搬运过来).

Impostor syndrome (also known as impostor phenomenon, impostorism, fraud syndrome or the impostor experience) is a psychological pattern in which an individual doubts their accomplishments and has a persistent internalized fear of being exposed as a “fraud”. Despite external evidence of their competence, those experiencing this phenomenon remain convinced that they are frauds, and do not deserve all they have achieved. Individuals with impostorism incorrectly attribute their success to luck, or as a result of deceiving others into thinking they are more intelligent than they perceive themselves to be.[2] While early research focused on the prevalence among high-achieving women, impostor syndrome has been recognized to affect both men and women equally.

说得轻了,就是不自信;说得重了就是心理有问题了。明明是自己取得的成就,自己心里却不这么认为,而是觉得全是靠了运气,或者自己让别人误认为自己很厉害。

你是否也有这种感觉呢?至少在五个成功人士中有两个觉得自己是骗子。另有研究发现有百分之七十的人或多或少都曾经认为自己是骗子。在一项针对科技从业者的非正式调查结果里,高达58%的专业科技人才私下里认为自己其实是个“假货”。名人里面承认过自己有这个症状的有 Michelle Obama、 Emma Watson、  Nicola Sturgeon、Neil Armstrong、Tom Hanks。

如果你也觉得自己是个“冒牌货”,我个人推荐你把你取得的成就都列下来,放在一个随时能取到的地方。然后记得庆祝一下,以此来加深你的印象。无论何时,当你开始自我怀疑的时候,你就把你这个成就列表拿出来,读一遍,巩固一下,加深印象。另外我也想推荐三个TED 演讲给你,希望能帮到你。第一个演讲的题目叫 The Surprising Solution to the Imposter Syndrome。我绝对同意其中的一个评论,就是学术上的过于挑剔的同行评议会让新进研究生院的人自己是个“假货” 。第二个这个演讲算是为患有冒名顶替症的人给出了一个可行的方案。演讲的题目叫做 The power of believing that you can improve 相信你還可以更好的力量。这个2014年出的视频,在Youtube上目前有超过三百万次的观看。第三个视频的名字就叫 Imposter Syndrome

最后愿所有有这种症状,或者有这种感觉的人都能走出来,变成一个绝对自信的、全新的自己。

 

 

 

 

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